File 2: ALJ's Decision
[ v58 p688 ]
Office of Administrative Law Judges
DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
LETTERKENNY ARMY DEPOT
OF FEDERAL EMPLOYEES,
Alfred Gordon, Esquire
For the General Counsel
Everett Bennett, II, Esquire
For the Respondent
Dorothy Van Brakle
For the Charging Party
Before: PAUL B. LANG
Administrative Law Judge
Statement of the Case
On August 15, 2001, the National Federation of Federal Employees, Local 1442 (Union) filed an unfair labor practice charge against the Department of the Army, Letterkenny Army Depot (LEAD), Chambersburg, Pennsylvania (Respondent). On July 31, 2002, the Regional Director of the Boston Regional Office of the Authority filed a Complaint alleging that the Respondent violated §7116(a)(1) and (5) of the Federal Service Labor-Management Relations Statute (Statute) by unilaterally withdrawing from negotiations with the Union concerning the Respondent's decision to terminate its School Age Services (SAS) child care program and by subsequently terminating the SAS program without having fulfilled its statutory obligation to complete bargaining with the Union. [n1]
A hearing was held before the undersigned Administrative Law Judge in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania on October 8, 2002. Each of the parties appeared, was represented by counsel and was afforded the opportunity to present evidence and to cross examine adverse witnesses. This Decision is based upon careful consideration of all of the evidence, the demeanor of witnesses and the post-hearing briefs submitted by each party.
Positions of the Parties
The General Counsel maintains that the Union first received definite notice of the impending termination of the SAS program on January 23, 2001. The Union formally requested negotiations on January 30, 2001, in an e-mail message in which it identified the adverse impact of the termination and set forth bargaining proposals. In so doing, the Union satisfied the requirements of the collective bargaining agreement both as to timeliness and specificity.
The Respondent entered into negotiations with the Union but later withdrew on the grounds that the Union had impliedly waived its right to bargain by failing to make a timely response to the announcement of the termination of the SAS program. The Respondent thereupon terminated the program on August 31, 2001. Each of those actions is a violation of the Respondent's duty to bargain.
There had been prior discussions of the possibility of the termination of various services, including SAS, in the Labor-Management Partnership Council (LMPC). [n2] However, the Respondent had never announced a specific plan and date for the termination prior to its letter of January 23, 2001, to the Union.
The Respondent maintains that the Union first received notice of the impending termination of the SAS program on April 16, 1997. Rather than requesting bargaining, the Union submitted the issue to the LMPC. Even if the Respondent had the obligation to bargain, it satisfied that obligation by granting a number of significant postponements of the SAS closing.
According to the Respondent, the Union's bargaining request of January 30, 2001, was untimely and occurred after the Union had withdrawn from the LMPC in July of 1999. Although the Respondent erroneously entered into negotiations with the Union, it was entitled to withdraw after discovering that it had no bargaining obligation.
Findings of Fact
The pertinent facts, as set forth below, are undisputed: [ v58 p689 ]
1. The Union is one of four labor organizations which represent civilian employees of the Respondent. Employees at the SAS were members of the collective bargaining unit which was represented by the Union. In addition, the SAS was utilized by members of the bargaining unit represented by the Union.
2. In or around 1995 the Department of the Army promulgated the recommendations of the Base Realignment and Closure Commission (BRAC). Among those recommendations was the transfer of certain of the functions of LEAD to other facilities.
3. Pursuant to the BRAC recommendations, the Respondent was directed to divest itself of all facilities and property which were not considered vital to the accomplishment of its revised mission. This included the transfer of certain buildings to the local government. Among those buildings was the site of the SAS program.
4. By memorandum dated April 16, 1997 [n3] , Respondent informed the Union that the closure of SAS was scheduled to occur between September of 1998 and March of 1999.
5. By memorandum dated April 30, 1997, the Union and the other three labor organizations expressed concern over the proposed closure of SAS and other Child Care Services. The labor organizations proposed a number of alternatives to the closure and expressed the desire to discuss the closure and the alternatives through the LMPC.
6. Various aspects of the proposed closing of SAS were discussed at meetings of the LMPC on May 6, 1997; May 27, 1997; January 13, 1998; October 13, 1998; January 12, 1999; February 16, 1999; February 23, 1999 and April 27, 1999. [n4]
7. At the LMPC meeting on October 13, 1998, Deborah Witherspoon, the President of the Union, produced a letter from the Chambersburg School District stating that the buildings currently used for child care would not be transferred to the District for "several years." This raised the possibility that child care services, including SAS, would remain open for an indefinite period of one or more years.
8. At the LMPC meeting on January 12, 1999, Colonel Suchting, the Commander of LEAD, stated that the child care facility could remain open if money were provided to fund it.
9. At the LMPC meeting on February 16, 1999, Colonel Suchting stated that he was looking into the possibility of re-engineering a vacancy to hold a child care position.
10. At the LMPC meeting on February 23, 1999, Colonel Suchting stated that the SAS program would remain open through August 26, 1999, and that the employees assigned to SAS would be re-hired as term employees.
11. On February 25, 1999, Denise Jumper, the Acting Child Development Center (CDC) Coordinator, sent a memorandum to all parents and guardians of the CDC and SAS services informing them that Colonel Suchting had announced that the SAS program would continue through August 27, 1999.
12. At the LMPC meeting on April 27, 1999, Colonel Suchting stated that he had assigned the processing of a request to establish SAS positions to the Resource Directorate. [n5]
13. In July of 1999 the Union withdrew from the LMPC. However, the Union did not withdraw the issue of the closing of SAS from the LMPC agenda. [n6]
14. By memorandum dated January 23, 2001, to the Presidents of all four of the labor organizations representing the Respondent's employees Respondent informed them that SAS would be closed on August 31, 2001. The memorandum also described Respondent's intentions regarding the retention or separation of the employees assigned to SAS and stated that the employees to be separated would be allowed up to forty hours of excused absence to facilitate the transition process through activities such as job interviews, training and attendance at job fairs.
15. By e-mail dated January 30, 2001, the Union requested negotiations over the adverse impact of the change in working conditions in accordance with Article [ v58 p690 ] 5 of the collective bargaining agreement. [n7] The Union proposed that adversely effected employees be reimbursed for the increased cost of child care, that a term employee receive a thirty day notice prior to termination and that the term employee receive a briefing on available assistance in obtaining new employment.
16. The parties commenced negotiations in February of 2001, but did not reach full agreement.
17. By memorandum dated August 1, 2001, Respondent informed the Union that, in reliance on a letter dated August 6, 1999, from the Regional Director of the Boston Region of the Authority [n8] , it had concluded that it had erroneously entered into negotiations and that it was not obligated to bargain. The Respondent thereupon terminated negotiations.
18. The SAS program was terminated on August 31, 2001.
Discussion and Analysis
In U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Memphis District, Memphis, Tennessee, 53 FLRA 79, 82 (1997), the Authority held that a union's receipt of adequate notice of a proposed change in conditions of employment triggers its responsibility to request bargaining regarding the proposed changes. The union's failure to request bargaining after the receipt of adequate notice may be construed as a waiver of the right to bargain. In the words of the Authority, the notice, "must apprise the exclusive representative of the scope and nature of the proposed change in conditions of employment, the certainty of the change, and the planned timing of the change." See also, U.S. Dept. of the Treasury, United States Customs Service, Port of New York and Newark and National Treasury Employees Union Chapter 161, 57 FLRA 718, 720 (57 FLRA No. 151) (2002).
In this case, the timeliness of the Union's request to bargain over the closure of the SAS program must be determined in light of the ten day time limit contained in the collective bargaining agreement. The Authority has recognized the validity of such contractual time limits on the exercise of rights conferred by the Statute, Dept. of the Air Force, Air Force Materiel Command, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio, 51 FLRA 1532, 1536 (1996).
The Respondent's memorandum to the Union of April 16, 1997, while somewhat indefinite as to the effective date of the proposed closure of SAS, nevertheless provided adequate notice that the facility would be closed within a specified time period. The Union tacitly acknowledged the adequacy of the notice by its memorandum of April 30, 1997, to the commanding officer of LEAD it which it stated that, "We have just recently been officially notified that the Child Care facilities [of which SAS was a part] are to be closed . . . ." (Joint Exhibit 4).
Rather than requesting bargaining, the Union commenced what amounted to consultation through the LMPC. The submission of the issue to the LMPC was an understandable, and even commendable, attempt to explore alternatives to the closure. However, Article 5 of the collective bargaining agreement recognizes a clear distinction between consultation and negotiation and the Union is bound by that distinction. By relying on the discussions at LMPC meetings the Union, whether or not intentionally, waived its right to bargain.
The General Counsel's argument that the Respondent's memorandum of January 23, 2001, was the first definitive notice of the impending closure of SAS is unpersuasive. Neither the delay of the closure date nor the exploration of alternatives to the closure could reasonably have been construed as a recission of the decision to terminate the SAS program. Indeed, it was made clear to the Union that the closure of the SAS program was the result of a directive from an authority to which the Respondent was subordinate. Furthermore, there is nothing to suggest that the proposals which the Union eventually submitted on January 30, 2001, could not have been made on or after April 16, 1997, when it first learned of the proposed closure of the SAS program. [ v58 p691 ]
The ten day deadline for a request to bargain is, to some extent, inconsistent with the collaborative process contemplated by the bylaws of the LMPC. Nevertheless, the Union, in spite of its presumed knowledge of the collective bargaining agreement, allowed the deadline to pass at its own risk. The Union, like the Respondent, is bound by the collective bargaining agreement. The Union had the choice of either submitting a timely request to bargain (possibly while still pursuing an accommodation through the LMPC) or requesting an extension of the deadline. It did neither and is not entitled to relief from the consequences of its actions.
Although the Respondent's reliance on the letter from the Regional Director dated August 6, 1999, was questionable, the fact remains that it had no duty to bargain and, therefore, no duty to bargain to conclusion.
In view of the foregoing, I have concluded that the Respondent did not commit an unfair labor practice as alleged in the Complaint. Therefore, pursuant to §2423.34 of the Rules and Regulations of the Federal Labor Relations Authority, I recommend that the Authority issue the following order:
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that the Complaint be, and hereby is, dismissed.
Issued, Washington, DC, November 29, 2002.
Paul B. Lang
Administrative Law Judge
File 1: Authority's Decision in 58 FLRA No. 166 and Opinion of Member Pope
File 2: ALJ's Decision
Footnote # 1 for 58 FLRA No. 166 - ALJ's Decision
Footnote # 2 for 58 FLRA No. 166 - ALJ's Decision
Footnote # 3 for 58 FLRA No. 166 - ALJ's Decision
Footnote # 4 for 58 FLRA No. 166 - ALJ's Decision
Minutes of each of the meetings were entered into evidence as joint exhibits. The parties have stipulated that the closing of SAS was not discussed at any of the other LMPC meetings between April 16, 1997, and July 13, 1999.
Footnote # 5 for 58 FLRA No. 166 - ALJ's Decision
Footnote # 6 for 58 FLRA No. 166 - ALJ's Decision
The bylaws of the LMPC provide that any member may withdraw an agenda item at any time before the Council makes a final decision. In the language of the bylaws, "Such issues will then revert to normal bargaining procedures." Neither the bylaws nor the collective bargaining agreement contain provisions for the tolling of the ten day time limit for a party to request bargaining.
Footnote # 7 for 58 FLRA No. 166 - ALJ's Decision
Article 5 is entitled "CONSULTATION AND NEGOTIATION". In Section 1 "consult" is defined as a process whereby the Respondent informs the Union of a proposed action and solicits the Union's views before reaching a final decision. "Negotiate" is defined as the presentation of written proposals by one or both parties. The parties then meet to bargain in good faith in accordance with the Agreement to Negotiate which is set forth in the front of the collective bargaining agreement.
The language of Section 4 requires the Respondent to provide the Union with written notice of proposed changes to the agreement or to conditions of employment when such changes result from new regulations or other directives from authorities outside of LEAD. The Union then has ten calendar days within which to inform the Respondent in writing of its views or to request negotiations.
Footnote # 8 for 58 FLRA No. 166 - ALJ's Decision
On June 14, 1999, the Union filed an unfair labor practice charge in which it alleged that the Respondent had closed the CDC on June 4, 1999, without having satisfied its obligation to bargain (Joint Ex