Case Types

There are four major categories of cases that come before the Authority Chairman and Members for resolution:

FLRA Regulations, at section 2429.4, also permit the General Counsel, the Assistant Secretary of Labor, or the Federal Service Impasses Panel to refer for review and decision or general ruling any case involving a major policy issue that arises in a proceeding before any of them.

Decisions of the Authority are published and are available on this website. If you are unable to find a particular Authority decision, contact the Office of Case Intake and Publication for assistance.

Following issuance of a final Authority decision or order, a party can move for reconsideration if it can establish extraordinary circumstances. Motions must be filed within 10 days after service of the Authority's decision and must satisfy the requirements in section 2429.17 of the Regulations.

Any party aggrieved by an Authority decision, with the exceptions noted below, may institute an action for judicial review within 60 days after the decision issues. The Authority may also seek enforcement of its orders, temporary relief or restraining orders in the appropriate United States court of appeals. The Office of Solicitor represents the Authority in court proceedings.


Representation Cases

The labor relations statute sets out a specific procedure for employees to petition to be represented by a labor union and to determine which employees will be included in a "bargaining unit" that a union represents. Implementing this procedure, the FLRA conducts elections for union representation and resolves a variety of issues related to questions of union representation of employees. These issues include, for example, whether particular employees are managers or "confidential" employees excluded from union representation, whether there has been election misconduct on the part of agencies or unions, and whether changes in union and agency organizations affect existing bargaining units. Information about the procedures to follow and how the Authority has interpreted the law and regulations concerning these issues can be obtained from Authority decisions, the Representation Manual and from frequently asked questions about representation.

Petitions to resolve representation matters are filed with the FLRA's Regional Offices. Information that you may need about this process includes the form for filing a petition, the statutory section describing representation standards and procedures, the regulations describing the process, and General Counsel Guidance on particular subjects. Staff in the FLRA Regional Offices will help you determine if the issue you have is one that can be resolved through this kind of petition. They may also investigate the petition, conduct meetings with individuals affected by the petition, hold hearings to resolve disputed factual issues, and conduct elections. The Regional Director of the Office concludes this process by issuing either a Decision or a Direction of Election. The vast majority of representation petitions filed with the FLRA are resolved by the Regional Office.

A party who is not satisfied with a decision issued by a Regional Director may appeal that decision to the Authority within 60 days. The reasons to object to a decision are limited and are set out at section 2422.31 of the FLRA's regulations. Information concerning the filing of this kind of "Application for Review" is contained in the Authority's regulations. Specific questions about appeals can be directed to the Office of Case Intake and Publication. Information concerning how the Authority has resolved specific questions appealed to it is contained in its decisions. In most cases, the Authority grants or denies petitions for review within 60 days.

Arbitration Appeals

Either an agency or a union may appeal an arbitrator's decision within 30 days from the date the award is served. Exceptions to arbitration awards are filed with Case Intake and Publication and must meet the requirements specified in Part 2425 of the Regulations. Once properly filed, the Authority will review an award to determine whether the award is deficient because:


  • the award is contrary to any law, rule or regulation

  • the award fails to draw its essence from the collective bargaining agreement

  • the award is based on a nonfact

  • the award violates public policy

  • the arbitrator denied a party a fair hearing

  • the arbitrator exceeded his or her authority

  • the award shows bias

  •  the award is ambiguous, incomplete or contradictory

The Authority will not consider exceptions to an award relating to actions based on unacceptable performance that are covered under 5 U.S.C. § 4303; removals, suspensions for more than 14 days, reductions in grade or pay, or furloughs of 30 days or less that are covered under 5 U.S.C. §7512, and matters similar to those covered under 5 U.S.C. §§ 4303 and 7512 that arise under other personnel systems. Challenges to these actions may be taken elsewhere.

Authority decisions involving exceptions to arbitration awards are not subject to judicial review, unless the decision involves an unfair labor practice under section 7118 of the Statute.


Negotiability Cases

A union may file a petition for review challenging either an agency head's disapproval of negotiated contract language or an agency's claim that bargaining proposals are contrary to law, rule or regulation. Petitions for review are filed with Case Intake and Publication and must meet the requirements contained in Part 2424, Subpart C of the Regulations. Forms and checklists are available to assist with filing petitions for review, statements of position and reply briefs.

Shortly after a petition is filed, Case Intake and Publication contacts the parties in each case and schedules a Post-Petition Conference with representatives of each party. The representatives must be prepared and authorized to discuss such matters as: